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Compton Chamberlain - OPC Vacancy

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Compton Chamberlayne - St. Michael Compton Chamberlayne - St. Michael Courtesy of Richard Avery

Compton Chamberlayne Gallery

Contiguous Parishes (our neighbours)

Barford - Baverstock - Broad Chalke - Burcombe - Dinton - Fovant

 

Websites

GenUKI - For information relating to Wiltshire and Compton Chamberlayne
University of Leicester's - Website for historical Wiltshire directories
Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre - The Wiltshire County Archives for all historical documents and the place to obtain original copies 
Wiltshire Community History - Historical information for parishes within the Wiltshire County jurisdiction.
Register of One-Place Studies - Compton Chamberlayne Entry
Old Maps - Historical Map archive showing Compton Chamberlayne 

 

The Parish Church of St. Michael

The church of St. Michael is located at the northern end of Compton Chamberlayne, standing on a bank overlooking Compton House. The church is a stone building consisting of chancel, nave, south porch and a small tower consisting of 6 bells - two dating from the 17th century and four dating from the 19th century.  The church was built at the end of the 13th century, at the same time as Salisbury Cathedral, located some 10 miles away, was being built.  The church of St. Michael at Compton Chamberlayne is a Grade II* listed building.              St. Michael Church Gallery

History & Description Plaque of St. Michael's Iron Chest Incumbents 1550-1832
Church Matters 1800-1899 Gifts & Confirmations 1847-1855 Election of Synodsmen 1871
Thanksgiving Festival 1872 Church Matters 1900-1999  

Church Memorials

King Family Memorial Tablet Penruddocke Memorial Tablet Charles Penruddocke Memorial Plaque
Thomas Penruddocke Memorial Plaque    

Burial Grounds

St. Michael's Church contains burials within the churchyard.  Once the churchyard became full, an area on High Street, next to the Old Post Office & Orchard Cottage, was designated as the new consecrated Burial Ground.           The Cemetery on High Street, is divided into two sections by a hedge.  The front section (or lower level) contains the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's burials of 34 soldiers from WWI as well as the burials of local residents.  The back section (or upper level) contains the burial of local residents.  The earliest burials date from 1876.            Burial Ground Gallery

Burial Ground Survey Plan of Burial Ground Front Section Plan of Burial Ground Rear Section
Consecration of Ground for Burials 1876 Millennium Oak 2000 Churchyard Oil Painting Sold 2010
List of Headstones Survey 2012    

Parish Registers held at WSHC

Baptisms 1538-1902
Marriages 1538-1990
Burials 1538-1956

Records available from Other Sources 

 

Parish History

Compton Chamberlayne is a small village in the south of the Wiltshire county, just off the A30 Road, approximately 8 miles west of Salisbury. Surrounding villages include Broad Chalke to the south, Baverstock to the north, Barford St Martin to the north-east, Dinton to the north-west & Fovant to the west. Geographically, the River Nadder sits to the north of Compton Chamberlayne & to the south lies a chalk downland.

Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England 1845                  Best Kept Village Awards 2007 & 2008                 History of Compton Chamberlayne Article 2011

Civil Registration

1837 - April 1936 Wilton Registration District
April 1936 - Present Salisbury Registration District

Population

The population in 1801 was 283, rising to its peak in 1851 of 352 then slowly declined until 1931, when the population was 130, then rose again to 170 in 1951 before declining again to its lowest point in 1991 with 85 residents before rising again in 2011 to 112.

Population Figures 1801-2011

 

Buildings and Land

Domesday Book Extract                UK Land Tax Redemption 1798              Owners of Land 1873                Growth of Sugar Beet 1898               Huge Estate Sold 1974

Ancient Monuments

Chalk Map of Australia

Listed Buildings

Grade I - Buildings of outstanding architectural or historic interest

Compton Park House

Compton Park

Compton House Galley

Compton Park News                Electric Light at Compton Park & Church 1884              

Grade II* - Buildings are particularly important and of more than special interest

Church of St. Michael 

Grade II - Buildings and monuments are nationally important and of special interest
Admiral's House Camel Cottage  
Combe House Cross Base in the Churchyard Elkins Monuments in the Churchyard (x2)
Forge Farmhouse Gates & Gatepiers to Compton Park House Horse Shoe Bridge
House adjacent South Side of No's 1, 2 & 3 Church Cottages K6 Telephone Kiosk Livelong Monument in the Churchyard
Lodge to Compton Park Milestone about 150 metres East of Lodge to Compton Park House Orchard Cottage & Old Post Office Cottage
Penruddocke Monuments in the Churchyard (x2) Piggotts Stable to West of Compton Park House
Willows    
 
Horse Shoe Bridge

Horse Shoe Bridge - News 1858-1866

Maps

Map of Compton Chamberlayne 1899                  Map of Compton Chamberlayne & Surrounding Areas 1952

Properties For Auction, Sale or Let

Camel Cottage Combe House The Gatehouse
Hollyhead House October Cottage Old School House
Summerfield Lodge Turnpike Cottage Wisteria House

Public Houses

Compton Hut                  King's Elm Inn                                                           

Village Hall

Village Hall 

 

Crime and Legal Matters

Wilts Quarter Sessions 1614-1649 Wilts Quarter Sessions 1728-1890 Committed to Dorchester Prison 1806
Committed to Devizes House of Corrections 1827-1844 Reward for Stolen Wheat 1829 Committed to Fisherton Gaol 1833-1853
Poaching Charge 1834 Affray in Woods 1845 Bastardy Examinations 1857
Fined in Lieu of Prison 1860-1872 Alleged Shooting With Intent to Do Bodily Harm 1867 Alleged Theft at Compton 1869
Selling Beer Without a License 1870 Charge of Making a False Marriage Declaration 1889 Qualified to Sit as Magistrates 1886
Thefts by Gypsies 1889 Dartmoor Man's Boots Found 1964  

General Crime

Crime Reports 1850-1899

Offenders Transported to Australia

Josiah Loveless - At the April Sessions in 1827 Josiah Loveless was convicted of offences against the Game Laws at the Easter Sessions held on 9th April 1833 he was charged with further Game Law offences and sentenced to 7 years transportation.  He was transported aboard the convict ship Stakesby which sailed on the 20th May 1833 arriving in Van Diemen's Land on 4th September 1833    

Thomas Watts - At the Wilts Sessions on 8th April 1845 he was convicted of Felony and sentenced to two months imprisonment.  At the Wilts County Sessions on 6th January 1846 he was convicted of Larceny after previously being convicted of Felony, he was sentenced to 7 years transportation.  He was aged 20.  At present no further details are to hand.

 

Directories    

Post Office 1849 Post Office 1855 Post Office 1859 Harrods 1865 Kellys 1867 Post Office 1875
Kellys 1880 Kellys 1889 Kellys 1895 Kellys 1898 Kellys 1903 Kellys 1911
Kellys 1915 Kellys 1920 Kellys 1927 Kellys 1939    

 

Education

Jottings of Gladys Hoddinott c1905

 

Emigration and Migration

Parish Strays               Wiltshire Removal Orders 1670-1890                Alfred James Lock - Border Crossings Canada to U.S.A. 1914

 

Employment and Business

Agriculture and Land

Gamekeepers Certificates 1807              Gamekeepers Certificates 1824-1846               Gamekeepers Certificates 1834                Steam Cultivation Apparatus 1861                 Penruddocke Foreman Dismissed 1903

Apprentices

UK Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices 1710-1811            Apprentice - James Coole 1741

Labourers

Description of Wiltshire Labourers 1871

Markets & Shows

Sheep Sales 1852               Cattle and Poultry Show 1852                 Ram Sale Purchases 1869-1872

Miscellaneous Items

Articles of Clerkship - Charles Penruddocke 1791                 Reward for Bogus Chimney Sweeps 1804               Engineering Records - James Walrond Burrough 1929                Trade Directory Jesse Avery 1934

 

Miscellaneous Documents

Escaped Pony 1867

 

Non Conformity and Other Places of Worship

 

People and Parish Notables

People Gallery

Accidents

Ann Trimmer 1873                 Sir William Whyte 1932

Associations, Clubs, Organisations and Societies

Wiltshire Friendly Society Membership 1827-1871                  East Knoyle Agricultural Society 1867                  Archaeological and Natural History Society 1870                 Foresters & Oddfellows Fete 1871

Bankruptcy

Grace Harriet Jennings 1950

Census Returns Transcripts

1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911

Elections and Polls

Poll of Freeholders 1772                   Poll Book 1818                 Voters List 1832                  Poll Book 1865                 MP Nominations 2015

Entertainment

Primrose League Entertainments 1887                 Mr. Ralph - Judge at Dinton, Baverstock Horticultural Show 1939

Family Notices

1800-1849               1850-1899                  1900 - Present

Inquest Reports

John Ingram 1827 William Haslen 1836 John Fry 1845
Thomas Sanger 1853 William Targett 1853 Elizabeth Case 1868
William Moxham 1868 Morgan Ewence 1871 John Mead, Jnr. 1871
Emily Moxham 1871 John Hunt 1886 Albert Noyce 1908

Parish Notables

John Martin - Clergyman

John Martin 1619-1693 was presented to the living of Compton Chamberlayne in 1645. He was arrested for participation in the royalist uprising with Colonel John Penruddocke but released due to insufficient evidence. When Penruddocke was executed, John Martin buried him at night at Compton Chamberlayne.

People of the Parish

Penruddocke Family
Death Warrant of Col. John Penruddocke 1655 Unconditional Love of A Woman 1655 County Magistrate - Charles Penruddocke 1850
Marriage Festivities at Compton Park 1853 Nomination of Sheriffs - Charles Penruddocke 1859 Deputy Lieutenant - Charles Penruddocke 1860
Article on Charles Penruddocke 1902 Penruddocke Line 1902 Death, Burial & Probate Notice of Flora H. Penruddocke 1902-1903
Funeral Report of Mr. Charles Penruddocke 1929 Obituary of Mr. Charles Penruddocke 1929 1655 Rising Recalled Publication 1968

Colonel John Penruddocke (1619-1655), of Compton Chamberlayne, was a prominent member of the Sealed Knot - a monarchist secret society.  The Sealed Knot worked clandestinely during the rule of Cromwell to bring about a restoration of the British monarchy. As leader of the Penruddocke Uprising of 1655, Colonel John Penruddocke was executed, by beheading, at Exeter in May, 1655.

Penruddocke Court Case

Cruelty To Children - London, November 23, 1902.           Mrs. Annie E. Penruddocke, of Compton Park, Compton Chamberlayne, Wiltshire, was fined £50 yesterday at the Old Bailey for having ill-treated and caused unnecessary suffering to her daughter, Letitia Constance, aged 6 years.  The jury severely censured Mr. Penruddocke, the husband, who is a magistrate.    Articles on the Court Case 1902

Two members of the Penruddocke family gave their lives for their country during WWI for more details see the War, Conflict and Military Section below.

Taxes

Tax List 1332           Falstone Day Book 1645-1653          UK Death Duty Registers 1796-1811              

Uncategorised People Items

High Sheriffs for Wiltshire 1758-1856                  Personal Column & To The Editor - George Cross 1940 & 1943

 

Poor Law, Charity and The Workhouse

Compton Chamberlayne came under the jurisdiction of Wilton Poor Law Union, with the workhouse being located at Wilton. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, usually one representing a constituent parish. Overseers of the Poor was the previous term used but their roles were similar in that they administered poor relief such as money, food and clothing as part of the Poor Law system. Usually Churchwardens or Landowners were selected for these roles.

Vagrant's Pass - Mary Harris 1764 Vagrant's Pass - Sarah Rawlins 1764 Wilton Union Guardians Appointed 1835 
Wilton Union Guardians 1835-1871 Election of Number of Guardians for Each Parish in Warminster Union 1836 Reward for Samuel Jefferys - Runaway 1837
Wilton Union Parishes Census Breakdown 1851 Donations for Salisbury Infirmary 1867 Overseers of Salisbury & Amesbury Division 1868-1872

 

Probate

Probate Index 1545-1880 (WSHC) Extracted Probate Wills 1592-1617 Claims & Demands on William Rowden's Estate 1827
Claims on Estate of J. H. Penruddocke 1842 National Probate Index 1858-1966 Probate for Penruddocke Family 1900-1929
Bequests of Mr. Charles Penruddocke 1929    

Inquisitions Post Mortem of Lands Held

Richard Grobham 1630           Thomas Bushell 1634

 

War, Conflict and Military Matters

Why the Poppy Obituary of Captain Pigot 1788 Records of Armed Forces - Army 1797-1807
Chelsea Pensioner John Stevens 1807 Capture of Convoy at Amantea, Italy 1810 Soldiers Without Food on Manoeuvres 1907
Soldier's Story 1923 Reminiscences of the War, Gambling & Camp Life 1923 Imperial War Graves Commission Pamphlet on Cemetery & Memorial Registers

 

Village Honour for War Dead

A cairn to honour the war dead who are buried in Compton Chamberlayne is to be erected with the aid of a Lottery grant.  The monument will overlook the graves and house a booklet containing detailed histories of all the soldiers interred there.  The £13,000 grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund will also enable the entrance to the burial ground to be marked by an engraved portal stone, and access to be improved.  Local firm, Nadder Valley Landscaping, will carry out the work and hopes to have it completed in time for ANZAC Day on April 25.  The burial ground contains the remains of 28 Australian and 6 British soldiers who died during World War One. Compton Chamberlayne Parish meeting initiated the project to enhance their graves, and was put in touch with Australian researcher, Chris Munro, who had a particular interest in war graves in the Nadder Valley. It found Mrs. Munro had already researched the history of the Compton Chamberlayne graves and was in the process of producing the booklet on them which will now be available to visitors.   (Salisbury Journal Saturday, 23rd February, 2008)

WWI

At the outbreak of World War 1 there became an urgent need to accommodate the increasing requirements for Military Training & Transit camps. Towards the end of 1914, John Combes, of East Farm at Fovant, was informed that part of his land was to be requisitioned for one such camp. Subsequently, land to the east and west of his farm was also commandeered and an area stretching from Compton Chamberlayne to Sutton Mandeville became one vast Military Camp. A single track railway connected the camps to the main line.          The camp located at Compton Chamberlayne became known as Hurdcott Camp as it was on land that was part of two farms - Hurdcott and Naish's. In March 1916, this section of the camp was taken over by the Australian Imperial Forces and became their No. 3 Command Depot.                Hurdcott Camp & Chalk Badges Gallery

Abbreviations Used in Australia Service Records WWI Australian Forces Headstone Costs WWI Australian Forces Private Headstones Not Permitted WWI
Australian Recruitment Posters WWI Disposal Order of Medals of Deceased Australian Soldiers WWI Examples of Photographs of Temporary Burial Markers of A.I.F. Casualties WWI
Hurdcott Camp - Poetry WWI Map of Army Camps at Fovant & Compton Areas During WWI Medical Classifications for Wounded & Sick Australian Soldiers WWI
No Photographs of A.I.F. Permanent Headstones WWI Diocese of Salisbury Memorial Book 1914-1918 WWI Memorial in St. Michael's Church
Church Roll of Honour Scroll 1914-1919 Summary Table of Men Connected to Compton Who Died in WWI Obituary of 2nd Lieutenant Thomas Penruddocke 1917
Herbert Edward Webb A.I.F. 1918 Obituary of Lieutenant Charles Penruddocke 1918 Sherborne School Book of Remembrance - Lt. Charles Penruddocke 1918
Australian Graves Abroad 1921 Fever Cottage  
Casualties of WWI
Ernest Howard Case 1915 Herbert George Case 1915 Arthur Henry James Coombes 1915
William Langdon 1916 Charles Brownsey 1917 Edgar Walter Cuff 1917
Thomas Penruddocke 1917 Thomas Plowman 1917 George Herbert Rose 1917
William John Holloway 1918 Charles Penruddocke 1918 William Turner 1918
Men Who Served in WWI
Alexander Clapp Albert John Hunt Corydon Rupert Langdon
Thomas Morey Walter Morey George William Penruddocke
Servicemen Buried in the Cemetery

Compton Chamberlayne Cemetery is located on High Street.  The Cemetery contains the graves of thirty four WWI casualties, twenty eight being Australian Servicemen of the Australian Imperial Forces (A.I.F.), three are from the London Regiment of the Royal Fusiliers, one soldier from Royal Engineers, one from the Royal Irish Fusiliers and one from the Royal Irish Rifles.          The burials date from February, 1916 through to February, 1919.  Thirty three of the plots are commemorated with a Commonwealth War Graves Headstone. The burial plot is laid out in three rows, with a stone plinth or cairn located at the front of the burial ground.  The Cairn has an engraving which reads:- "The severe winter of 1916-17 caused hardship amongst the troops encamped around Salisbury Plain.  Between December, 1916 and April, 1917, eleven A.I.F. deaths were directly associated with respiratory disorders.  The majority of the casualties had only enlisted six months earlier and two of the months since enlistment had been spent on a sea voyage from the Australian summer to the British winter."                 Military Section Gallery

Summary Table of Servicemens Details

Australian Casualties Buried in the Cemetery
Joseph Edwin Cook 1916 William Gilbert 1916 Evan Jones 1916
Algin Le Tisser 1916 Alexander George Pairman 1916 Philip Walter Amoore alias Haywood 1917
Charles William Ferrow 1917 James Howard 1917 William Joseph Park 1917
William Ernest Riley 1917 William Charles Snell 1917 Charles Tull 1917
Isaac James Turnbull 1917 John Thomas Wehrmann 1917 Thomas Henry William White 1917
William Joseph Arnold 1918 Thomas Cass 1918  Alfred Alwin Dreckow 1918
Allan Ernest Evans 1918  Walter Richard Finn 1918 Percy Robert Knowles 1918
Horace William McCarthy 1918 Alison Hope Oliver 1918 Sydney Ross 1918
Roy Allen Sillar 1918 Thomas James Skipper 1918 Sidney Harold Turner 1918
John Henry Trengove 1918    
British & Irish Casualties Buried in the Cemetery
Thomas Alfred Lintott 1916 William George Norris 1916 Valleton Sydney Algernon Redman 1916
Patrick Joseph Larkin 1917 Cornelius Walsh 1918 Charles E. B. Hooper 1919

 

Chalk Badges on the Downs - Rising Sun & Map of Australia

In remembrance of their colleagues that had not returned from the War, many of the Regiments staying at the Military Camps carved replicas of their cap badges into the chalk hillsides near the village of Fovant. By the end of WW1 there were some 20 badges, the largest of which was the Australian Commonwealth Forces Badge - The Rising Sun. A large map of Australia was also carved into the Downs above where Hurdcott Camp was situated at Compton Chamberlayne. The chalk map of Australia is no longer financially supported and is being left to nature.     Australia Map at Hurdcott   

Chalk Map of Australia Anzacs (Map of Australia) 1928 They'll Renew Diggers' Work 1950
"Australia" in Wiltshire 1951 Australian Flag Dedication 1951 Australian Soldiers Not Forgotten 1951
Downland Badges 1954 & 2003 Campaign to Preserve Landmarks 2001 Look What's Chalked Up 1975

WWII

WWII Memorial in St. Michael's Church                Casualty - Michael Thomas Gibson Henry 1941                Casualty - H. J. Carbray Richardson 1941                Casualty - William Alan Southall 1942

 

Acknowledgements

Grateful thanks to Cathy Sedgwick for her submissions during her time as OPC;     Many thanks to Andrew Stacey for submitting many of the photographs used on this page;     Additional Information kindly supplied by Margaret McKenzie (Secretary of Fovant History Interest Group)

 

 

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