Contiguous Parishes (our neighbours)
Blunsdon St. Andrew - Broad Blunsdon - Chiseldon - Liddington - Rodbourne Cheney - South Marston - Stanton Fitzwarren - Swindon - Wanborough
GenUKI - For information on Wiltshire
Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre - The Wiltshire County Archives for all historical documents and the place to obtain original copies
Wiltshire Community History - Historical information for parishes within the Wiltshire County jurisdiction.
Stratton St. Margaret Parish Council - Official Parish Council Website
Wikipedia - Stratton St Margaret - Wikipedia entry for Stratton St Margaret
St. Margarets Church - link to the parish church site.
Swindon Library - Swindon Library's online collection of Stratton St Margaret photographs
Swindon Viewpoint - Local Video News Website includes Archive footage and photographs.
Highworth & Swindon Poor Law Union - Information on the Workhouse for Stratton St. Margaret
The Parish Church of St. Margaret of Antioch
There was originally an Anglo Saxon wattle & thatch church on the site dating back before 1000 AD. A Norman church was built in its place and the current Church of England parish church of St. Margaret of Antioch dates from the 13th century in the reign of Edward I (Edward Longshanks 1272-1307). Read more about St. Margaret's Church here.
Parish Register Transcripts
Parish Registers held at WSHC
BTs 1837-1863 are held at Bristol Record Office
Stratton St. Margaret, once a village, has now become the north east part of Swindon and is rapidly becoming suburbanised. For a full history of the Parish follow link - Parish History by Nigel Chalk
1837 - 1896 Highworth Registration District
1896 - Present Swindon Registration District
Parish Celebrations and Festivals
|Coronation Booklet of King George VI 1937||Programme for the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, 1953||Golden Jubilee Events Held by Schools 2012|
|Storm Showers Add to Family Fun 2014||Stratton Fetival 2016 Poster|
Buildings and Land
For a list of buildings and their details please read our document Buildings and Land of Stratton St. Margaret
PLease note that some of the parish council burial records were burnt and therefore the lists below are not complete
Green Road Cemetery, Upper Stratton 1861-1985 (Please note that anything in italics within the spreadsheet have been added or amended and may not appear in the original registers. More images will be available as and when the OPC can obtain copies. Those available at present are marked with a YES within the spreadsheet). Available images can be viewed here
Available Images and look ups for dates after 1985 can be obtained by contacting the OPC via the Contact Us Tab at the top of this page and selecting OPCs from the drop down menu. It is anticipated that all Headstones will be photographed and made available online until that time please request a copy from the OPC who can be contacted via the Contact us link at the top of the page.
For Lower Stratton Cemetery please refer to the Lower Stratton Tab below.
Farms Gallery Many thanks to Clive Carter for supplying additional information for individual farm histories below.
Sited on the border with South Marston and is now part of an airfield site it covered 28 acres. Believed to date back to 13th Century. An Enclosure awarded was granted to Harry Ovens in 1796. In the 1841 census William Burdock is farmer, in 1851 John Collett, in 1861 William Collett, and 1868- 1871 John Collett, On 3rd March 1877 W J Collett was advertising for a Strong boy and a girl as farm servants. In the 1881 census has William Jacob Collett as farmer here, in 1887 he gave notice not to Trespass, Hunt or Sport on his lands and 1889 he was advertising two cottages to let and looking for a servant & cowman, according to the 1890 North Wilts Directory he was still resident and in March 1891 he was advertising for a Cowman. Reported in local papers with Henry Manners the farmer, in 1894 Fanny Osmand his domestic Servant was assaulted by two local youths on her way back from delivering eggs to the vicarage and in 1896 William Garland a 24 year old labourer was charged for taking apples and eggs from his employer. In both the 1901 Census and 1911 Kelly’s Directory record Henry Manners as still being the farmer. The 1948 Street directory shows Mr. W. Weston in residence.
Crowdy’s Hill Farm
15 Acres, situated on the west of Cricklade Road, was originally bought by Henry Tuckey in 1850’s from Upper Stratton Farm, also known as Coxpits. In 1860 it was sold as part of the estate of Thomas Tuckey, Land Tax shown as 14s. In the 1948 and 1951 Street Directories P. Herring is living here. It is now site of the Co-op Funeral Service.
Situated in Ermin Street. The 1948 street directory has L. P. & P. S. Hinder in residence and L. P. & O. P. Hinder by 1951. The site became the Hinders Yard.
Marsh Farm (Green Farm)
The farm was at Stratton Green. Joseph Hayden was farmer here according to the 1881 census. The 1948 Street Directory shows Emily Baker living here, but now called Green farm. By 1951 it had reverted to Marsh farm as listed in the 1951 Street Directory with Holloway family in occupation.
Situated on the Swindon Road. In the 1890 Trade Directory Joseph Higgins was farm bailiff here and in the 1901 census shows Edward Tuckwell as farm bailiff living here with his family. The site of the farm is now used for industrial purposes.
Pidgeon House Farm
This is shown on 1922 map as being behind Jacobs Ladder in Ermin Street.
Ryall Farm (Rial farm)
The farm is believed to date back to 1602. A 1796 Enclosure Award was granted to William Tompkins. 1858 Pole Book shows Henry Tuckey of Stanton Fitzwarren as owner. Swindon Advertiser 05/10/1896 - To be let at Michaelmas - The Ryal Farrm, now in the occupation of Mr Joseph Gilling, together with two closes of land called "Blindmoors" the whole containing about 90 acres arable land and 13 pasture, with cottages rent £125 a year. It is now part of the Honda Factory site and was originally alongside Highworth Road. Kellys Directory of 1905 shows Henry James Bourton in occupation and in 1936 Arthur Greenaway is recorded on the Electoral Roll.
Sturrey Brook Farm
The farm was situated on the Highworth Road.
Situated at Stratton Park, next to canal on the Wanborough Road and covered land up to Hill View Road. The 1861 & 1871 Censuses show Thomas Ford as farmer here. In 1891 Stephen Cox had taken over and in the 1901 Census William John Cox is recorded as the occupying farmer. By 1911 George William C Manners is in occupancy, he actually owned the farm from 1894 until 1922. The last known tenant was John Harris in 1947 who is also listed here in the 1948 & 1951 Street Directories.
The parish of Stratton St. Margaret is criss crossed with many footpaths. Some of these footpaths follow the ancient walkways that the early Stratton residents would have used. The Boundary Close Footpath is preserved as such. More details about the footpaths
|Map Showing Parish Shrinkage||Map of c1804||Ordnance Survey Map 1811-1812||Ordnance Survey Map 1816|
|Map of 1841||Map of 1882||Map of 1893||Map of Land for Sale 1906|
Planning & Development
Property to be Let
For list of pubs, their history and landlords go to Public Houses 1700s-Present
Railway, Canal & Public Transport
Stratton station was on Highworth Light Railway which opened on 9th May 1883, closing to passengers on 28th February 1953 and to all traffic on 3rd August 1962. At one period up to 100 churns of milk were sent to London daily on the railway. Read more about the history of the railway, canal and public transport here.
Sale of Buildings and Land
Crime and Legal Matters
Courts Rolls of Adam De Stratton - (And before him to Isabel de Forz, Countess of Aumale.) Entry fines and payments for entry not expressly called fines are in general much higher than reliefs or heriots. In Stratton the average payment over thirteen entries is £3 18s. One fine upon a single virgate amounts to the enormous sum of £14 13s. 4d. A fine and an entry fee, the fine said to be for half a virgate on the demesne, amount to £5 6s. 8d. Four payments are made in instalments. Stratton court also twice regulated exchanges of land, exacting 6d. for the privilege and three times at Stratton the court amerced those who entered, sold, or bought land without permission, but the amercement,here stated, was surprisingly small. Besides the fees to be drawn from licences the lord once or twice took an aid of his tenants. At Stratton it was done at the September court in 1278 and yielded 30s. In 1283 a suitor to Stratton court acted contemptuously because he refused to participate in an inquest. In at least two instances the inquests decided or were summoned to decide not merely the particular issue but a general point of principle, once whether the men of Stratton should pasture their beasts on Slade Keys after the hay had been lifted, and once about the rights to ancestral land of children ‘of the hearth’ on the remarriage of widowers with whom they were living. These are in the nature of solemn declarations of manorial custom. (extracts from Wiltshire Record Society 1968 Vol. XXIV)
The Swindon & District Year Book for 1948 is quite an important document for family historians since it lists names and address of residents of the parish. Once the 1921 Census is released for public viewing in 2022 there will be no other available Census for public view scheduled for release until the 1951 Census is released in 2052. The 1931 Census was lost in a fire in its entirety in 1942 and there was no Census taken during 1941 due to WWII action therefore leaving a large gap between 1921 and 1951. The National Identity Card Records of 1939 is the only other source available which could help fill the gap this is controlled by the NHS Archives it is now available to view via Find My Past but charges will apply unless you have a subscription even then strict rules apply for access.
A few children were educated by means of the rent of lands left in 1720 by John Hurring. The local school board was formed February 12, 1876 and was dissolved by the Education Act of 1902.
Headlands Grammar School
|Placement Letters 1963||Workbook Cover & Timetable for Susan Lott 1963||Headlandian Magazine 1967|
|G.C.E. Examination Timetable 1968||Headlandian Magazine 1968||School Sports Day Programme 1968|
Ruskin Junior School
St. Catherine's R.C. Primary
Teachers Registered living in Stratton
01/07/1915 - 9704 - Elsie Emma Davis (nee.Lewis) 53 Oxford Road
01/03/1920 - 32570 - May Birds (nee. Chapman) Eyam Villa, 85 The Street - French, Physiography, Human Physiology, Model drawing.
Emigration and Migration
From Leicester Chronicle 9/7/1853 - On the 14th February last, at Adelaide, South Australia, by special license, at Trinity Church, Alfred, eldest son of Mr. J. Adams, of Stratton St. Margaret's, Wiltshire, to Clara, eldest daughter of Mr. William Severn, late of Ashby-de-la-Zonch, Leicestershire, England
From online family trees it can be seen Stratton residents have spread around the world. Australia and New Zealand appeared to be particularly popular. One resident W. H. Carpenter (5th April 1863-1930) emigrated to Western Australia in 1885 later becoming Labour MP for that state from at least 1896, previously being a Trade Union leader. Another John Adams from Upper Stratton emigrated to Australia in 1882, where he found employment in a mental hospital, married an Irishwoman and founded a whole new branch of the Adams family in Sydney.. in 1960 the Leaver family of 27 Nythe Road left Tilbury Docks, London aboard the Strathaird on 20th December 1960, the group included Henry (born 16th December 1920), Lilian May (born 7th November 1921) Sheila (born 3rd March 1947) and Michael born 15th October 1948.
Employment and Business
For a History of local business and employment see Business and Employment in Stratton St. Margaret
Agriculture and Land
Animals and Pets
Apprenticeships were often advertised in local papers. Please refer to Employment News 1800-1899 for examples
Beauty and Hairdressing
Arkell Family and Brewery
In 1843 John Arkell established a Brewery in Swindon Road, Stratton St Margaret, until 1861 when he built a Steam Brewery at Kingsdown. After his death in 1881 sons Thomas and James took over and Arkell's continued to expand, still focusing on the boom town of Swindon. By 1900, Arkell's owned more than a quarter of the pubs in the Swindon area. Arkell's became a private limited company in 1927. The 1930s saw the closure of the malting and the opening of a high-tech bottling plant which employed up to 25 people, and the building of the chimney. In the 1960's Arkell's bought out local firm Brown and Plummer's wine merchants and went on to purchase 50& of Edmont Joinery who were their pub outfitters. A Complete History of Arkell's can be found on their website.
John Arkell - (Born 1802; Died 21st October 1881) - Born into a farming family in Kempsford, South Gloucestershire he set up the family brewery.
John Weatherstone Arkell (Born 1848; Died 2nd May 1909)
Sir Thomas Noel Arkell (1893-1981) High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1953
Peter Arkell OBE (1923 - 2010). During World War II, flight lieutenant Peter Arkell flew sorties into occupied France to pick up allied spies and resistance fighters during the night and later was sent to Burma to form "C" Flight, 357 S.D. Squadron. He became a director in 1954 and was Chairman of the family brewery from 1971 until 2008. He was awarded to OBE in 1997.
Ermin Street - owned by Iles - opposite Stratton brickworks
Grange Drive - western end next to railway bridge
Kingsdown - owned by Archers next to Kingsdown Farm, now part of A419 Stratton by-pass.
Stratton Brickworks - owned by Hills, became Cement works now Strata Estate
Stratton Crossroads - owned by Day's was first to use steam powered brick making machinery was located west of Ermin Street between Railway line and today's Oxford Road.
Stratton Green - owned by Iles, pit was originally three times the size with kilns at southern end - now Claridges Lake and park.
West End Road - owned by Days, pond used for winter ice-skating for many years.
Carpentry & Sawyers
Bramhill Sawmill was just up Oxford Road on the site of the old brick works, Burden & Evergreen Closes now cover this area.
T. Colborne – Wheelwright & Carpenter, based at Stratton Crossroads later became a local builder.
Cart and Wagon Builders
W. H. Hill
Clothing, Footwear and Textiles
J. Compton Sons & Webb - Swindon based clothing manufacturers had a factory in Stratton which was used to produce uniforms during the wars.
Cooke's was a small boot & shoe repair shop
Pressed Steel & Rover Group
|Pressed Steel||Decision To Erect New Factory 1955||Harold Lott - Pension Documents 1959||Strike at Plant 1961|
|Rover - 40th Anniversary Mayors Speech 1995||Mini Car Plant Investment Boost November 2013||Mini Car Plant Staff Help Gain Award 2014|
Entertainment and Hospitality
Food Preparation and Manufacturing
Godwin’s had a bakery in Hyde Road.
R & K Wise's Bakery - Situated on the Green Road and using the former NAAFI bakery built in 1942, Wises's was founded after the war. They made cakes for a lot of major outlets including Marks & Spencer, the same cakes, but not in posh boxes, were also sold under their own label. The business finally closed in March 2001 after being bought by Northern Foods, the buildings were demolished in 2001 for housing and is now Wise Close.
St. Margaret's Wiltshire Bacon Co. Ltd. - Began production in 1895 at The Green, Stratton St. Margaret (now Oxford Road, Swindon). A substantial proportion of its output was sold locally. In 1947 it was acquired by Brown & Knight Ltd. of Lambeth, London, bacon-curers and food-distributors and extended. In 1956 about 50 people were employed in the factory. The site was redeveloped in 1990's and is now a Matalan store.
Coopers Slaughterhouse - Established in 1871 at Marshgate Cooper's had a slaughterhouse, being granted a licence in 1894. At a sale held in Queens Arms, Swindon on 21st July 1902 Mr. Cooper, then of Belle Vue, formally bought the ‘Marshland’ for £450. At the time the business consisted of just over 4 acres. The site also producing potash fertiliser, famous locally for the stink when a batch was run, it finally closed in 1970's. Cooper's went on to start up as Scrap Metal merchants (now E.M.R) in Gypsy Lane, seeing the opportunity when Pressed Steel plant opened in 1955.
Garages, Cycle Shops, Vehicle Body Shops and Petrol Stations
Bampton Bros. - Stratton Road. Formed by Reg & Ted in 1920's they were famous for their ingenious folding bicycle variety which they produced until late 1940's, they continued with vehicle repairs and bodywork up until 2003. The buildings have now been demolished and site is vacant.
Pam Cook ran the Cycle store and petrol pumps in Beechcroft Road on corner of Dores Road.
The Green Garage - This was owned by the Loveridge family, this became an Esso garage which closed in late 1990's finally being developed as Owen Court in 2008.
Hills Cycles - A cycle shop and petrol pumps at Crossroads near to where Weymss Lodge is today.
Pratt’s Garage - Based at Crossways - was one of the first Garages, Selling 'Perfection Spirit' they also had a Lorry, whilst advertising the 'North Pole Expedition', managed to go off track and crash into a house in Highworth Road.
St. Margaret's Garage - In 1936 George Brickell establisshed a garage on Highworth Road. St. Margaret's Garage was originally a wooden structure with petrol pumps on the pavement. The current building was completed after the WWII in 1946 and continued to sell petrol until 2009.
West End Road - Although looking like a small local housing estate it has an Industrial Estate at its end with small garage businesses, this area was originally a builders yard behind a small bungalow owned by the Powdrell family, in addition for many years G & K Bodies also had a car repair garage half way up on left hand side.
North Wilts Sanitary Steam Laundry - Hoddinott & Sons trading from 4th May 1891. Several reported accidents and mis-treatment to animals in local press. In 1894 a Miss Holliday brought in from London, was made manager.
Medical and Scientific
Built for 1914-1918 war, a lot was demolished and sold off in 1931. The rest of site was first used by the Pioneer Corps during WWII, then as a pow camp housing first Cypriots then Germans. Taken over by Plessey's after the war some of the buildings still remain, making up Kembry Park Trading Estate. Stratton Powder Works
At one time the Post office was situated next to the Crown
Retail Shops, Butchers and Food Outlets
Basil Gore was the local butcher in Beechcroft Road
Fast Food and Takeaways
Beechcroft Road - fish & chip shop next door to Gore's butchers
Newsagents and Tobacconists
Richardson & Rabbetts at Beechcroft was the well known local Newsagents, and tobacconist’s store, today occupied by a Hardware store
Stores & Supermarkets
Claridges in Swindon Road in front of the lake was a shop & off license which was demolished in 1973
Cookseys was a small store in Stratton
Cornaby’s Stores, Ermin Street next to school. Bought in 1949 from Iles’s, who used to supply oil to most of local villages. The shop finally closed in 1997 and was converted to housing.
Industrial Co-operative Society - From 1929 the Society had a shop opposite the Crown, they became the Swindon then the Oxford & Swindon Co-operative, these premises were sold in 1985, after the road was widened and some land was lost, to a Security firm and a new store now Midcounties Co-operative opened ¼ mile up Ermin Street towards Kingsdown. The building is now used as a music studio.
Charlie Reynolds, Ermin Street - a small store
Blues Ivory Coaches - 11 Dores Road, Stratton St. Margaret, was housed in the old Baptist Church building run by Eagle Line of Lechlade in 1970’s.
Non Conformity and Other Places of Worship
To learn more about other places of worship in Stratton St. Margaret please read the attached document
Beechcroft Road Methodist Church
Lower Stratton Primitive Methodist Church
For further information about the Lower Stratton Methodist Church please visit their website
St. Barnabas - Gorse Hill
Please refer to the separate tab for Gorse Hill
St. Philip the Deacon - Upper Stratton
Please refer to the Upper Stratton Page
Stratton Green Baptist Church
|History of Stratton Green Baptist Church 1751-2014||Stratton Green Baptist Church Service Notice 1948||Stratton Green Baptist Church Closure Order of Service 2014|
|Stratton Green Baptist Church Closes 2014|
People and Parish Notables
Richard (Dick) Henry 1899-1990 -Dick died of a heart attack at Princess Margaret Hospital on 7th November 1990 and was Cremated at Kingsdown on 13th November. Over 100 people attended the ceremony. Dick was best known for setting up the local Senior citizens 'Crocodile Club', in April 1986 and remained chairman until his death. The club started with 25 members and peaked at 60.
Associations, Clubs and Organisations
Stratton St. Margaret has in the past and still is a very community minded parish. There are many clubs, societies and community groups to suit all ages and caters for all kinds of leisure interests. Many of the clubs and activities available in the community today have their roots in the industry from around the area including many sports clubs. Here you may read more about these clubs and groups
Census Returns Transcripts
For strays from the the various census years please see the strays Index document found under emigration and migration. N.B. the 1911 Census includes parts of Stratton recorded in the Rodbourne Enumeration District
Elections and Polls
|Poll Book 1705||Poll of Freeholders 1772||Poll Book 1818||Voters List 1831|
|Voters Lists Revisions 1843||Poll Book 1868||Electoral Lists Revision Court 1902|
In this section you can find items of interest about a particular family and associated links
Lifestyle Project story of Ellen Martha Olive Jane Axford born October 1909
Butler, William, of Stratton, Wilts, yeoman., & Mary King, of South Marston, Wilts ; B'dman, Roger Butler, of the same, yeoman; W. Tho. Hawes, Ann Hawes ; 9 Apr. 1689. (Banns)
Doomsday book of 1086 shows that the parish was held by Nigel, physician to William the Conqueror. For information about the Parish Notables of Stratton St. Margaret follow the link
Personal Research Items
Tuck Family Research Burial Extracts - These items were donated by Ken Tuck and contains entries that may or may not relate to the Tuck family however they have been published as such. Many references to Quaker entries may be found from across the county.
Poor Law, Charity and the Workhouse
|Brind Charity 1700 - Present||Mary Horne Charity 1794-1903||Sale of Swindon Church & Poor Lands at Cannons Close 1884|
|Thomas Arthur Beale and his Collecting Dog, Bruce. 1905-1915||Memorial Fund for Guide Dog 2014|
General Poor Law Matters
Removal Orders and Settlements
Supplies and Tenders
General Workhouse Matters
Workhouse Births and Deaths
|Estate Notice of John Kemble 1840||Estate of Charles Morse 1877||Death & Estate Notice of W. H. Scott, 1954|
|Claims on the Estate of Frederick Fairclough 2014||Estate Notice of John Inman 2015|
Inquisitions Post Mortem of Lands Held
Sales of Buildings & Land for Probate Purposes
War, Conflict and Military Matters
1919 - Red Cross Nurses recognised for service - Miss O King and Miss M Webb.
5th June 1936 - soon to be Sqn Ldr Harold Starr(1914-1940) crashed a two seater fighter at Stratton St Margaret. As a Hurricane Fighter Pilot he died Aug 30th 1940.
August 15th 1940 saw a string of 9 bombs land in fields near Catsbrain farm, probably after the Vickers Aircraft factory.
On 7th December 1941 Sergeant Pilot Norman William Barbeau had left Aston Down in Gloucestershire on a Spitfire training flight. Flying over Stratton St Margaret, the 20-year old Canadian pilot lost control and nose-dived. He died instantly. He crashed in Ermin Street and a plaque was erected by the parish in 2005 to his memory.
During the WWII Boys at the Limes Home, Stratton St. Margaret were busy sewing and knitting for the troops. Under the supervision of the matron, Mrs Small, the boys had made bed socks and scarves for the troops at the front as well as hospital garments such as operation stockings
During WWII there was a small German Working Company camp at SU 1703 8720 where Europa Park is now.
Ford Family in WWI - their story.
Acknowledgements and Contributors
Thanks to the following for supplying pictures, articles or family histories/memories.
Arkell's, Baptist Church's, BMW, Edward Browning, Margaret Brunger, Clive Carter, Stuart Dobson, Facebook-'Swindon on the Change' & 'Swindon Past & Present', Ford Family, Susan Griffiths, Hinders, Kings College, Cambridge, Kingsdown School, London Archives, Lott Family, David Macey, Network Rail, Barry Odey, Alan Pellymounter, Stratton St Margaret Parish Council, David Suchodola, Swindon Advertiser, Swindon Library, Ken Tuck, Paul Williams, and the many conversations with locals.
Buildings and Land
In the 1891 Census it shows Henry Hinder as farmer here.
Kingsdown Manor Farm
The farm covered 217 acres. There are conveyance documents dating back to 1735. A 1796 Enclosure award was granted to John Phelps & James Crowdy, this site became Kingsdown house and the farm moved to it's present location. The 1881 Census shows Samuel Coleborne as farmer and in the 1911 Kelly’s Directory Joseph Gleave Twiss is recorded as the farmer in occupation. BY 1900 a thriving brick works had been opened next to the farm. Stock was sold by Public Auction in 1947 see Sale of Stock notice under Hyde Farm. The farm is now converted to business units and several private dwellings.
Employment and Business
People and Parish Notables
Buildings and Land
This farm dates from around 1783. It is an isolated farm to south. After the building of the A419 bypass the land came under Wanborough parish. In 1868 Richard Kemble was here but by 1878 as article in local paper shows, J K Sargent is farmer. the 1881 census shows Richard Kemble as farmer here and the 1890 North Wilts directory has Henry Fanners here. The 1901 census shows William Bellamy and 1911 Kelly’s Directory shows William Bourton Manners as the farmer here. A 1913 document shows the transfer of the farm to John Metcalf from the Gooch estate. The 1948 & 1951 Street Directories show A L Fisher & A Hyde living here and finally in 1970 Stanley F Bailey.
People & Parish Notables
Bramhill Sawmill was just up Oxford Road on the site of the old brickworks, Burden & Evergreen Closes now cover this area.