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Sunday, 12 February 2012 17:31

Calne - The OPC is Christine Brooks

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Calne - War Memorial Calne - War Memorial
Calne - St. Mary The Virgin Calne - St. Mary The Virgin
Calne - Holy Trinity, Quemerford Calne - Holy Trinity, Quemerford
Calne - Castle Street Baptist Church as it stood in 1955 Calne - Castle Street Baptist Church as it stood in 1955

Calne Photo Gallery

Contiguous Parishes (our neighbours)

Blackland - Bremhill - Cherhill - Chippenham - Chittoe - Compton Bassett - Derry Hill with Pewsham - Heddington - Highway

 

Websites

Duncan and Mandy Ball's - Website for images of Calne Churches
GenUKI - For information on Calne
University of Leicester's - Website for historical Wiltshire directories
Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre - The Wiltshire County Archives for all historical documents and the place to obtain original copies
Wiltshire Community History - Historical information for parishes within the Wiltshire County jurisdiction.
Register of One-Place Studies - Calne Entry

 

The Parish Church of St. Mary The Virgin

One of Wiltshire's "wood churches" standing beside the Bath Road on Church Street, Calne. A spacious church of the 15th century, its central tower collapsed in 1638 and was rebuilt at the transept end. With its fine clerestory, battlements and parapets, the church represents a magnificent monument to clothier opulence.

St. Mary The Virgin gallery          St. Mary the Virgin interior Gallery

Floor Plan of St. Mary's c1900

Memorial Plaques

Mercer-Nairne 1914

Parish Register Transcripts

Marriages

1538-1567

Parish Records held at WSHC

Baptisms 1538-1994
Marriages 1538-1985
Burials 1538-1987

 

Parish History

National Gazetteer Entry 1868                History of the Borough & Town 1904

Calne is twinned with Caln Township, Pennsylvania, United States of America; Charlieu, France and Eningen, Germany.    Twin Towns Photo Gallery

The parish includes Quemerford, Ratford and Stockley. Derry Hill and Studley are also within this parish. Derry Hill has a dedicated parish page and Studley can be found within the parish of Bremhill within this web site. Population in 1831 was 4876 and in 1951 was 5553

Civil Registration

1837 - April 1936 Calne Registration District
April 1836 - Present Chippenham Registration District
Calne without including Quemerford has always come under the Chippenham Registration District

Maps

Map of Proposed Parish Boundary Changes (date unknown)               Ordnance Surveyor's Drawings 1808-1811                Ordnance Surveyor's Drawings 1813-1814

 

Buildings and Land

Agriculture

Cattle Plague Regulations 1867 

Cemeteries

Curzon Street Cemetery

Cemetery Photo Gallery

General Items

Owners of Land 1873

Indenture between John Embry & John Ladd 1813

Hospitals and Asylums

Calne Private Asylum

Census 1841  

Leisure Facilities

Grant for Disabled Access to Swimming Pool 2009

Public Houses

Kings Arms, Calne

The cellar was a cell in which lived a Saxon Anchorite, pilgrims coming from all over England to see this remarkable woman. The cult was suppressed by the Church in 861, and, after the Battle of Worcester, two Cavaliers hid here. A famous coaching inn, details of the Hop and Eclipse coaches to London and Bath can still be seen painted on the archway, and a former landlord, who had the distinguished title of 'King of Ribbons,' drove the Dart coach from Calne to Oxford and back during the hours of daylight.

Railway

Railway News 1850-1899               Great Western Railway Staff Changes 1937

Roads

Calne Turnpike Roads 1847                 Calne, Hilmarton & Lyneham Turnpike Roads 1847

 

Crime and Legal Matters 

Assaults

Attack on George Brown 1850-1851                  Trivial Assault - Richens v Slade 1888                 Borough Police Case - Frederick Edwards 1890                  In the Courts - Thomas Henly 1890                  Assault at Fish Shop 1902

Bastardy

The definition of a bastard for the period when examinations were carried out by  parish overseers and local justices is as follows:-  any child born out of wedlock including those where the mother and father later marry, children of a second marriage whilst the first wife is still living; the issue of divorced couples; children born where the husband is known to have been abroad for some years; A child born after the father has died.  The definition has evolved since the Act of 1732/33 where a “single mother” was by law obliged to declare her pregnancy and state the name of the reputed father.  Some parish registers may record the words base-born against a baptism record and some may even name the reputed father.  Below are some of the surviving bastardy examination reports transcribed from various sources such as court books and overseers accounts.  It is interesting to note that only the mother’s and witnesses’ oaths seem to be recorded even though the defendant would have been summoned to the hearing.  Perhaps their evidence was pre-delivered for the examiners to peruse before the mother was required to prove her case.  It is also interesting to read the language used to describe the situation the mother found herself in and the circumstances in which the child was conceived.  It would appear that the examination itself would not have been a pleasant experience for plaintiff or defendant no matter what the outcome.               Bastardy Examinations Summary

Bullock v Pinnegar 1852                Webb v Duck 1852-1853               Clarke v Holley 1855               Cleverly v Rumming 1858               Henly v Horton 1858

Burglary

Burglary of Boots 1866

Drunk and Disorderly

In the Courts - Broom Strange 1890

General Items

Crime Reports 1800-1849                 Crime Reports 1850-1899                 Death of a Baby 1851                 In the Courts - Thomas Sage 1890       

Motoring Offences

Dangerous Driving Charge 1931         

Prisons and Prisoners

Inmates of Gloucester Gaol 1815-1879                 Convicts for Transportation 1830

Theft

Theft from a Baker 1858                 Borough Police Case - Hannah Reeves 1869                  Theft of H. C. Henly's Pheasants 1888

Trials

Old Bailey Trial of John Pinnegar 1832      

          

Directories

Baileys 1783              Pigots 1803               Pigots 1822               Post Office 1855                Post Office 1875               Swindon & District 1928               Kellys 1931 (Without)

 

Education

There is a free school, founded and endowed by John Bentley in 1660, in connection with which are two exhibitions at Queen's College, Oxford, founded in 1730 by Sir Francis Bridgman. The income of the school is about £50 per annum. A training school for domestic servants is established, and there are also National and Infant schools also there is a Literary Institute in the town

Guthrie School

The school was built off Wood Street in 1854. By 1858 it was known as Guthrie Juvenile School with 80-90 pupils. From 1897 teaching was for girls and infants only; by 1906/7 the average attendance was 113. In 1930 the school became solely an infants school - the older children were transferred to Silver Street and Calne Junior schools. In 1964 the whole school moved to a new building in the north of the town with 189 children aged 5-7 on its roll by 1999. Read more about Guthrie School

In the Education photo gallery below is an image of 5 teachers from the school - possibly Mrs. Beauchamp, Mrs. Fell, Miss Lily Hunt, Miss Alice Manners and Miss Bridges. Can anyone confirm these names or the date of the photograph? Please contact either Christine Brooks or Teresa Lewis via the Contact Us Tab at the top of this page.                Calne Education photo gallery

 

Emigration and Migration

Published in tables from the Poor Law Commissioners Annual Reports for 1835, 1836 and 1847-1848 the following may be of use for tracing missing ancestors.  11 paupers emigrated to Canada under an assisted emigration programme in 1847.

Strays Index                  Emigration Home Contact Requested 1800 - Present                 Emigrants - George and Harriet Williams, Utah Pioneers 1864

 

Employment and Business

Advertising

Business Advertisements 1850-1899

Agriculture & Land

Gamekeepers Certificates 1807                 Aspects of the Life of the Wiltshire Agricultural Labourer c1850

Thomas Large Henly

His South American Dream                End of A Partnership 1855                     Bankruptcy Notice 1868

Apprentices

Apprentice records published here may not necessarily mean that the apprentice was from the parish but was apprenticed to a master within the parish.

Richard Bayly 1723          Richard Beale 1723           William Belcher 1729

Wiltshire Society Apprentices
Charles James Butler 1884 Frank Biggs 1890 Frederick Blatch 1824 Joseph Brown 1868
Bill Cue Carter 1904 Thomas Edmonds 1858 Frederick Gale 1879 James Hutchins 1878
Albert Richard Kilmister 1855  Benjaminea Smith 1890 George William Smith 1885 Sarah Ellen Smith 1885
George Henry Taylor 1889 Ernest George Weston 1908 Tom Edwards Wheeler Ernest Octavius Young 1891
Joseph William Young 1887  Walter Charles Young 1884    

Clothiers and Clothing

Calne & Wiltshire Drapery & Outfitting Company          Partnership Dissolved - Pinniger & Gardner 1807

Communications

Postal Services Appointments 1737-1969

Employment News

Employment News 1850-1899

Food

Harris Meat Factory and the Harris Family

Until its closure in the 1980s and for over a century the Harris's Meat Factory was probably the largest employer in the area. The closure resulted in a rise in unemployment normally seen only in large industrial towns and cities.        Harris Meat Factory Photo Gallery

Markets and Fairs

Christmas Fare at Devizes 1870

Medicine

General Medical Council Registration 1859-1959

Miscellaneous Business and Employment Items

Hair Powder Tax Stamp Distributors 1801

 

Miscellaneous Documents

 

Non Conformity and Other Places of Worship

Calne Non-Conformity Photo Gallery

Castle Street Baptist

Castle Street Baptist Church was founded in 1655

History of Castle Street Baptist Church 1655-1955 Family Notices 1800-1849 Church Sermon 1874
Deacons List as at 1955 Ter-Centenary Week Programme 1955  

Baptist Chapel Mission, Ratford
Community Church, Fynamore School, School Road
Evangelical Church, Oxford Street
Free Church, Church Street
Holy Trinity, Wessington Avenue, Quemerford (See Tab below)
Jehovah's Witnesses Kingdom Hall, Ernle Road
Open Brethren Church
Presbyterian Chapel, Back Road
Primitive Methodist Chapel, Calne
Primitive Methodist Chapel, Stockley
Quakers Friends Meeting House, Wood Street
Salvation Army Citadel
St. Edmund Roman Catholic Church, Oxford Road
Zion Baptist Chapel, The Pippin
Zoar Methodist Chapel, Quemerford

 

People and Parish Notables

Calne People Gallery

Calne Borough Tax List 1332 Knights Compositions 1628  
Family Notices 1800-1849 Inquest Reports 1800-1849 Bankruptcy Notices 1800-1899
Wiltshire Friendly Society Membership 1837-1871 Band of Hope 1850-1899 Family Notices 1850-1899
People News 1850-1899 Secrets of Farming Book Subscribers 1863 Residents Mentioned in Kilvert's Diary 1870-1879
Literary Institution Meeting 1874 Inquest Report on Mary Ann Salter 1883 Obituary of Alfred Waller 1896
Family Notices 1900-1949    

 

Coroner Bills

County coroners were introduced in England in around 1194 once established other boroughs and liberties sought the right to have their own coroner.  Often in Medieval times the coroner also assumed the role of the sheriff and his duties weren't limited to holding inquests on dead bodies although almost a full time post they were unpaid for the duties apart from those that were deemed murder of manslaughter when they would receive 13s. 4d.   From the 24th June 1752 a law was passed allowing the coroner to claim £1 for every inquest they attended not held in a gaol and also to claim 9d per mile travel allowance from the place of residence.  Inquests held in any gaol were performed at a rate totalling no more than £1.  These costs were to be paid from the county rates.  In cases of homicide the coroner also received the former fee of 13s. 4d.  The coroners submitted their bills at the quarter session sittings for approval.  Coroners Bills 1752-1796

Elections and Polls

Poll of Freeholders 1772             Voters List 1832            Voters Lists Revisions 1843                 MP Nominations 2015          MP Nominations 2017

Personal Research Items

Tuck Family Research Burial Extracts - This item was donated by Ken Tuck and contains entries that may or may not relate to the Tuck family however they have been published as such.  Many refer to Quaker burials found across the county

Parish Notables

Walter Goodall George, Athlete                 David Hemmings, Actor              Jan (John) Ingenhousz, M.D. & Scientist               Joseph Priestly, Dissenting Clergyman and Scientist, 1733-1804

 

Poor Law, Charity and The Workhouse

Settlement Examinations Workhouse Crime 1835-1850 George Noble Abandoned to Workhouse 1857 Paupers in the Union Workhouse for 5 consecutive years 1861
Disorderly Tramp - Mary Hobbs 1888      

Workhouse Census

1841          1851

In August 1881 Ellen Collier an inmate of the Calne Union Workhouse cited John Stanley, Master of the House as being the father of her illegitimate son.  The case was dismissed.  A transcript of the hearing can be found in the Crime and Legal Matters Section above.

 

Probate

Prior to 1858 The Prebend of Calne had jurisdiction over probate matters. Copies of Probate can be found at the WSHC in Chippenham.

Extract of The Will of King Eldred 955               National Probate Index 1858-1966

Inquisitions Post Mortem of Lands Held

Richard Westfield 1625              John Hungerford 1636                 John Norbone 1636              William Foreman 1642          

Parishioners Wills

Thomas Whoode Proved 1596/97 William Harkwoode Proved 1601 Katherin Muffett proved 1626
Robert Ladd Proved 1647 Henry Somers Proved 1691 John Neate 1737
Barnabus Perkin/Perkins 1796 Henry Jenner Proved 1807 Samuel Viveash Proved 1836
Leah Stagg Proved 1847 Sarah Henly Proved 1856 Mary Seager Hulbert Proved 1857
Tom Gee 1929 Beatrice Russ Proved 1936  

 

War, Conflict and Military Matters

War Memorials and Military Gallery

Why the Poppy Military Related Graves in Curzon Street Cemetery Chelsea Pensioners 1808-1828
Henry William Adam 1896-1918 Calne & District Casualty Lists WWI Calne & District Casualty Lists WWI (Connection Unknown)
Diocese of Salisbury Memorial Book 1914-1918 WWI Service Exemption Tribunals  
War Needlework 1916 Bell Ringers Memorial Book in St. Paul's Cathedral WWII Civilian Casualties 1939-1945

British Red Cross/Voluntary Aid Service

V.A.D. & Red Cross Hospitals 1914-1918                   Olivia Julia Barnes 1915          Ida Gaugh 1915

Servicemen and Women

Servicemen & Families with the 1st Wilts. Regt. in South Africa 1911               

 

 

Quemerford

Quemerford

Village Photo gallery

 

The Parish Church of Holy Trinity

Holy Trinity at Quemerford on the outskirts of Calne was built in 1852-1853 as a Chapel of Ease. The church was not licensed for marriages until 1990; prior to this all marriages took place at St. Mary's, Calne.  Holy Trinity Photo Gallery

Parish Register Transcripts

Baptisms

1853-1863 

Parish Records held at WSHC

Baptisms 1853-1991
Marriages None Available (Register commenced 1990 and remains with the incumbent)
Burials None Recorded

Parish History

Civil Registration

1837 - Present Chippenham Registration District

Crime and Legal Matters

Bastardy Examinations

The definition of a bastard for the period when examinations were carried out by  parish overseers and local justices is as follows:-  any child born out of wedlock including those where the mother and father later marry, children of a second marriage whilst the first wife is still living; the issue of divorced couples; children born where the husband is known to have been abroad for some years; A child born after the father has died.  The definition has evolved since the Act of 1732/33 where a “single mother” was by law obliged to declare her pregnancy and state the name of the reputed father.  Some parish registers may record the words base-born against a baptism record and some may even name the reputed father.  Below are some of the surviving bastardy examination reports transcribed from various sources such as court books and overseers accounts.  It is interesting to note that only the mother’s and witnesses’ oaths seem to be recorded even though the defendant would have been summoned to the hearing.  Perhaps their evidence was pre-delivered for the examiners to peruse before the mother was required to prove her case.  It is also interesting to read the language used to describe the situation the mother found herself in and the circumstances in which the child was conceived.  It would appear that the examination itself would not have been a pleasant experience for plaintiff or defendant no matter what the outcome.          Bastardy Examinations   

Cleveland v Hutchings 1854               Cue v Sutton 1859 & 1861           

      

Directories

Swindon & District Year Book 1928                Kellys 1931

 

People and Parish Notables

Poll of Freeholders 1772          Funeral Notice of Lambert Miles 1888          Family Notices 1900-1949

Personal Research Items

Tuck Family Research Burial Extracts - This item was donated by Ken Tuck and contains entries that may or may not relate to the Tuck family however they have been published as such.  Many refer to Quaker burials found across the county

 

War, Conflict and Military Matters

War Memorials and Military Gallery

Soldiers Who Died in WWI Named in the Calne & District Casualty Lists               Local Tribunals 1916                 WWII Civilian Deaths 1939-1945           

 

Stockley

 

Stockley 

Directories

Kellys 1931

 

People and Parish Notables

Coroners Bills 1752-1796

 

Whetham

Whetham

Directories

Kellys 1931

 

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