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Friday, 24 August 2012 13:21

Codford - OPC Vacancy

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Codford Codford
Codford - St. Mary Codford - St. Mary by Neil MacDougall
Codford - St. Peter Codford - St. Peter by Neil Macdougall
Codford - Ashton Gifford House Codford - Ashton Gifford House

Codford Village Gallery            

Contiguous Parishes our neighbours

Boyton - Chitterne St. Mary - Fisherton Delamere - Sherrington - Stockton - Upton Lovell

 

Websites

GenUKI - For information relating to Wiltshire and Codford St. Peter
GenUKI - For information relating to Wiltshire and Codford St. Mary
Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre - The Wiltshire County Archives for all historical documents and the place to obtain original copies
Wiltshire Community History - Historical information for parishes within the Wiltshire County jurisdiction.
University of Leicester's - Website has historical Wiltshire directories free to view
Codford Parish Council - Local Authority Website

Please note that this page is divided into four sections Codford which holds information common to the whole parish or where the specific parish is uncertain, Codford St. Mary, Codford St. Peter and Ashton Gifford which holds information unique to those villages.

Parish Churches of St. Mary and St. Peter

Codford is served by two Anglican churches St. Mary and St. Peter which also serves the Ashton Gifford Community.  see individual village tabs below for details

Bishop of Salisbury's Memorial Fund 1870                Codford Choir at Choral Festival at Sutton Veny 1871

 

Parish History

The village of Codford is located in the valley of the River Wylye, 7 miles south east of Warminster and 14 miles north west of Salisbury, in the southern shadow of Salisbury Plain. The village was formed by the union of two adjacent parishes - Codford St. Mary and Codford St. Peter in 1928. The hamlet of Ashton Gifford is part of the civil parish of Codford. 

The village was formed by the union of two adjacent parishes - Codford St. Mary and Codford St. Peter in 1928, when the union of the two Codfords was approved and six years later the two civil parishes became one. Both churches are still in use, with the Church of St. Mary located at the southern end of the village and the Church of St. Peter at the northern end. Together with the hamlet of Ashton Gifford a settlement was cleared to make way for the principle house of the village in the early 19 th century the area covers some 3,797 acres.

The layout of the village consists of a High Street, running south east to north west, with another road, the Chitterne Road, meeting it at right angles on its northern side. The village is now built around these roads and the New Road, which runs from the western entrance to the village to a point about three quarters of a mile north on the Chitterne Road. There are several small lanes and bridleways about the village. The parish itself is bounded by the Wylye to the south and by ancient drove roads to the west and east. The northern boundary roughly coincides with the Chitterne to Heytesbury Road.

The name Codford is thought to mean the fording place of Codda who was, perhaps, an Anglo-Saxon who owned the land on which the ford was situated. The oldest known recording of the name is in an Anglo-Saxon charter of land granted in the Wylye valley in the late ninth century; here the name is recorded as Coddan Ford.

Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England 1845                         Kiss-Wicket 1893-1895

Civil Registration

1837 - Present Warminster Registration District

Population

Population figures are separate for Codford St. Mary & Codford St. Peter until 1951 when the 2 parishes were united in regards to census information.

Codford St. Mary's population was at it's lowest in 1801 with a total of 187 & at it's highest in 1861 with a total of 404. Codford St. Peter was at it's lowest in 1901 with a total of 242 while it's highest was in 1851 with 401. The decrease in population from 1861 to 1871 for both parishes could be attributed to the closing of a large Woolstapling business. In Codford St. Mary the position was made worse by the closing of certain training stables.

Population Figures 1801-2011 

Publications Relating to Codford

Books by John Chandler

Codford: Wool and War in Wiltshire

Books by Romy Wyeth
Book Of Codford: From the Bronze Age to the Bypass Men of St. Mary's & The Anzac War Graves Sterner Days: Codford During the Second World War
Swords and Ploughshares: Codford During the 20th Century Warriors for the Working Day: Codford During Two World Wars  

 

Buildings and Land                                                   

Ancient Monuments

Codford Circle

Codford Circle is a neolithic earthwork hilltop enclosure, or possible hillfort, located on the crest of Codford Hill, a chalk promontory of Salisbury Plain, near to the village of Codford. The elevated oval area is approximately 3.6 hectares and is surrounded by a bank 6.5 metres wide and up to 1.6 metres high from the outside. This is surrounded by a ditch 5 metres wide & up to 0.5 metres deep except for a section around the south eastern edge where it has been reduced by ploughing. Aerial shots show entrances on the east and west sides. The entrances on the southeast and northwest sides are later in origin. There is no archaeological evidence for occupation and the slight nature of the earthworks have been interpreted as being defensively weak. Also known as Wilsbury Ring, Oldbury Camp or Ogbury. It may have been formed by the Druids for religious rites.

Ancient Monuments List               Artefacts from Ashton Valley                 Codford Circle Sketch 1810

Crop Circles

A crop circle was reported to have appeared on 3rd June, 2010 between the villages of Codford St. Peter and Codford St. Mary, within sight of the earthwork hilltop enclosure of Codford Circle. The design consisted of a complex formation consisting of a central circle surrounded by a stellated dodecagon with a perimeter of twelve interlocking circles. It measured around 240 feet in diameter & was formed in 12 inch barley. This area of Wiltshire is not commonly associated with the appearance of crop circles and it is close to the military training area of Salisbury Plain - one of the largest Ministry of Defence training areas in the UK.

Fires

Fires 1804-1865                  Thatched Cottages Fire 2014

Highways

Postal Telegraphs 1872                   Proposed Main Road Between Chitterne & Codford 1886

Listed Buildings

Grade I - Buildings of outstanding architectural or historic interest.

There are no buildings in either village within this category

Grade II* - Buildings are particularly important and of more than special interest.

Both village churches are listed under this category see tabs below for details

Grade II - Buildings are nationally important and of special interest.

There are a total of 31 buildings listed for this category within the Codford Boundary 24 of which are situated in Codford St. Peter and the remaining seven in Codford St. Mary

Miscellaneous Items

Description of Villages on the "Wily" 1848         Oxen at Plough 1904           Gardens Open to the Public 1937-1939

Property for Auction, Let or Sale

Sale of Farm Stock at Fisherton Delamere 1872             Anzac Farm for Sale 1936                Old Rectory 2014                Old School House 2014

Railway Station

Codford Railway Station was an intermediate station on the Salisbury to Warminster branch line of the Great Western Railway. The Station was built in Ashton Gifford, on the lane to Boyton, at the far south-west corner of the parish and opened on 30th June, 1856, with a Stationmaster's Lodge nearby. Heytesbury was the next station heading towards Warminster and Wylye was the next station heading towards Salisbury. The original single platform was built on the north side of the line next to a level crossing. A passing loop was installed in 1897 which necessitated a second platform to be built towards Westbury. The line was doubled from Heytesbury in 1899 and on to Wylye in 1900.      The Station was an important feature in both world wars, serving the army camp at Codford. A branch line was built in 1914 to connect the Army Camp to Codford Station. This branch was taken over at the end of the First World War by the Great Western Railway but closed in 1922.     Codford Railway Station was closed to passenger services on 19th September, 1955 and its goods yard was closed on 10th June, 1963. The signal box remained in use until June, 1982. Trains still run between Warminster and Salisbury but no longer stop anywhere in between.           Codford Railway Station Gallery

Land for Railway 1844 & 1847                 Wilts, Somerset and Weymouth Railway 1856

Public Houses

Beer House Licenses 1890

Weather Phenomena

Great Flood 1841               Summer Hailstorm of 1785 & Damage Caused 1853                         Gale 1928

 

Crime and Legal Matters

Wilts Quarter Sessions 1610-1614 Committed to Unspecified Prison 1775-1883 Smuggled Tobacco 1788
Committed to Fisherton Gaol 1807-1848 Inmates of Gloucester Gaol 1815-1879 Committed to Devizes House of Corrections 1826-1872
Offenders Fined in Lieu of Prison 1826-1888
Codford & The Swing Riots 1830
St. Peter & St. Mary v Thomas Topp 1824
Bendall, Jnr. v. Goodfellow 1847
Doughty v. Pearce 1848 Dorset County Gaol & House Of Corrections Admission Registers 1849 & 1877
3 Runaway Boys 1859
Gypsies Under Suspicion 1861
Ann Sparey - Arson & Assault 1865-1866
William Batt - Stolen Silver Watch Chain by Policeman 1883
William Henry Line - Gardener Charged with Destroying Plants 1886
James Haynes - Extraordinary Charge of False Pretences 1886
Driver Fined 1926
Extraordinary Behaviour of a Lunatic 1883

 

Transportation

George Benbawl - 7 years for Larceny - 1821 William Henrys - Death Commuted to 14 years for Burglary - 1825 Benjamin Woods - 7 years for Larceny - 1841
Praxell Alwood Hinwood - 10 years for Sending Threatening Letter - 1845     

 

Directories

Post Office 1849
Post Office 1855 Post Office 1859 Harrods 1865 Kellys 1867 Post Office 1875
Kellys 1880
Kellys 1889 Kellys 1895 Kellys 1898 Kellys 1903 Kellys 1907
Kellys 1911
Kellys 1915
Kellys 1920
Kellys 1927
Kellys 1939

Education

Annual Fete for School Children 1854-1858

 

Emigration and Migration

Letter from Canada 1835
Free Passage to Australia Advertisements 1838 & 1848 Letter from Australia 1847
Emigration to Canada Advertisements 1861 & 1874 Anna Clancy - U.S. Passport Application 1923 Naturalization Certificates 1935-1966
Advertisement to Find John Fry & Josiah Hinwood 1857

Employment and Business

Apprentices

UK Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices 1710-1811                  Wiltshire Society Apprentices 1844-1910                Wiltshire Society Apprentice - Arthur Hinton 1877

Agriculture & Gamekeeping

Game List 1824-1848 Game Licenses 1834 Servant's Awards at Agricultural Shows 1840-1849
Strike of Farm Labourers 1853 South Wilts Chamber of Agriculture Attendees 1883 & 1888 South Wilts Chamber of Agriculture 1890

 

Markets & Shows

Ram Sale Purchases 1869-1871

Miscellaneous Items

British Postal Service Appointments 1737-1969                 Warminster Industrial Exhibition 1869                 Wiltshire Labourers 1871                   Police Sergeant Reakes Retires 1932               Harmonic Society Inaugral Meeting 1835 

Railway

Railway Labourers' Strike Turns Violent 1854               Warminster & Salisbury Railway Workmen 1854                Railway Employees 1856-1915                 Great Western Railway Employees Accidents 1914

 

Miscellaneous Documents

Complaints about High Prices of Necessaries 1847                 Turkish Bath 1861

 

Non Conformity and Other Places of Worship

See Codford St. Mary for more information

 

People and Parish Notables

Accidents

John Rose 1855           Mother and Infants Drowned 1922

Associations, Clubs, Organisations and Societies

Agricultural

Agricultural News & Shows 1847-1924           Address to S. G. Osbourne 1866            Melksham Agricultural Society 1871       

Friendly Societies

Wiltshire Friendly Society Membership 1827-1871           Codford Friendly Society 1848           Wiltshire Friendly Society 1848- & 1851

Bankruptcy

Bankrupts 1805-1869

Elections and Polls

Poll Book 1818          House of Commons Petitions 1833           MP Nominations 2015           

Entertainment

Codford Annual Balls 1838-1866

Family Notices

1700-1849          1850-1899            1900-1949

Inquest Reports

Number of Inquests Held Over Last 4 years in Parishes near Wilton 1840 

Eliza Ann Goodfellow 1843 Charles Hann 1915
Injury to Isaac James 1909
George Lye 1915
Henry Manning 1888
William Miles 1888 Ambrose Moody 1900  Jane Mould 1858 
William Potticary 1855 Sarah Topp 1866 Austin Vincent 1915 Herbert Wells 1915
Frank Winter 1915    

 

Parish Notables

William Creed - 17th Century Rector of Codford St Mary
Robert Dampier 1799-1874 - Artist & Clergyman. Born and raised at Codford St Peter where his father was Rector
James Ingram 1774-1850 - An Oxford don & President of Trinity College, Oxford
Sir William Mahon, 7th Baronet born 1940 - a retired soldier, lives at Codford

Notable Inhabitants of Codford 1939  

Sport

Boxing Match Between Lacock & Goodfellow 1825                  Stag Hunt 1853

Taxes

UK Death Duty Registers 1796-1811

Uncategorised People Items

Donations for Flood at Shrewton 1841          Community Spirit Wins Top Award 2005

 

Poor Law, Charity and The Workhouse

Codford came under the jurisdiction of Warminster Poor Law Union. Its operation was overseen by an elected Board of Guardians, usually one representing a constituent parish. Overseers of the Poor was another term used, their roles were similar in that they administered poor relief such as money, food and clothing as part of the Poor Law system. Usually Church wardens or Landowners were selected for these roles.

Guardians of the Poor & Overseers 1835-1890 Election of the Number of Guardians for Each Parish 1836 Paupers Recorded in Census 1851
Warminster Union Parishes Census Breakdown 1861 Paupers Recorded in Census 1861 Paupers Recorded in Census 1871
Recorded as Living on Parish Relief in Census 1891

Probate

UK Extracted Probate Records 1536-1698                                  Probate Index 1538-1876 WSHC                 

Inquisitions Post Mortem of Lands Held

Christopher Polden 1626

 

War, Conflict and Military Matters

Codford was the demobilisation centre for Polish troops at the end of WWI and many settled in the area.           During World War II, British, American & Polish soldiers were deployed in the Codford area. Among the troops stationed in Codford were 6th Guards Armoured Brigade consisting of 4th Grenadiers, 4th Coldstream & 3rd Scots Guards as well as 2nd Battalion of Welsh Guards.  between 1941 & 1943. They were followed by the American 3rd Armoured Division September 1943 - June 1944.

Why the Poppy
Records of Armed Forces - Army 1802-1837
Royal Navy Registers of Seamen's Services 1810-1893
Gabriel Sparey, Deserter of 5th Bn Wilts Local Militia 1811 Rifle Corps 1860 Wilts Rifle Volunteers Subscriptions 1868
Autumn Manoeuvres 1872 Obituary of Major-General Yeatman-Biggs 1898 Register of Merchant Seamen 1913-1972
Remembered in England 1920 Visit to Soldiers' Graves 1920 Australian Graves Abroad 1921
Army Hutments for Sale 1922
Gambling and Camp Life in General Remembered 1923 Death of Mrs Walker, AIF Canteen Volunteer 1927
R.A.F. Crash 1936 Return to Codford 1936 Sterner Days, Codford During WWII
Remembering Codford Camp 1983
Search & Recovery of WWII Spitfire 2004-2005
Recalling American Soldiers 2005
Recalling Italian Prisoners of War 2005
Prisoner of War Camps 2012 Codford Remembers Great War Impact 2014

World War I

Australian WWI Recruitment Posters
Photographs of Temporary Memorials of AIF Servicemen Sent to Next-of-Kin WWI Soldiers Who Died in WWI Who Enlisted at Codford
Codford WWI Casualties Summary Table Fund Raising for Recruit Recreation 1914 Concerts at Codford 1915
Entertainment for the Soldiers 1915 Spies in Kitchener's Army 1915 Concert in New Zealand Concert for Codford Camp 1916
Inquest Report on Albert Hudson 1916 Inquest Report on Joseph Lingard Kirk 1916 Lieutenant and Quartermaster Charged 1916
Message from Codford 1916
Postcards Home from Pte. Michael J. Barritt 1916
Anzacs Marrying English Women 1917
Military Medal Awarded to Pte. E. Henderson 1917
Services for the Catholics 1917
Anzac Day Pilgrimage 1918
Central Queenslander Contacts 1918
Letters Home from Pte. Robert J. D. R. Phelan 1918 Musketry Instructor, L/Cpl. J. Boyns Killed in Action 1918
Western Australians in Camp 1918 Australian Soldier Charged with Murder 1919 Australian Troops Going Home 1919
Deserter - Rex Thomas 1919
Letters Home from L/Cpl. John R.Hawke 1919
Lieutenant Lloyd Dowe Heading Home 1919

                                                                                                                                                            

Casualties of WWI
Edward Kent Arthur John Johnson 1915 Harry Cummins 1916
William Walter Smith 1916 Harold Henry Kitley 1917 Hector James Down 1918
Percy Pike 1918
 

 

Codford Camp

Codford Camp Photo Gallery

The Salisbury Plain area in Wiltshire had been used by the British Army for manoeuvres for at least 40 years before the start of World War I. As with many other villages located within and around the Salisbury Plain during World War I, Codford was chosen by the military as a training and transfer camp for troops on their way to the Western Front. Codford was chosen for its easy road access to Warminster and Salisbury; its rail line was extended from Codford Station to a branch line known as the Codford Camp Railway which was used to bring supplies and troops to and from the main line.          At first the military camps at Codford consisted of tents; with the wet weather in the winter of 1914-15, the wet conditions made the area a muddy; unlikeable place, with roads becoming almost impassable. The tents were replaced with wooden army huts. The village, which had consisted of about 500 people, soon became full of temporary shops, cafes; barbers to cater for the troops in the area; its shifting population grew with anywhere between 2,000 and 4,000 troops and other service personnel.           Codford had 15 camps located within its two parishes, which mainly comprised of British, Australian & New Zealand soldiers. In July, 1916, Codford was chosen as the site of the No. 3 New Zealand General Hospital. This was set up to serve the needs of New Zealand soldiers convalescing before either being returned back to the War or sent home.

Conditions at Codford Camp

Chalk Badges

Rising Sun Chalk Badge Gallery

In 1916, an Australian Commonwealth Military Force Badge - "The Rising Sun" was cut into a steep slope at the top of Lamb Down, near Codford, Wiltshire. It is less detailed in its design than a similar chalk emblem located at Fovant, Wiltshire.

"The Brigade Commander of the nearby garrison wanted to leave a visible Australian mark on the English countryside. Gazing out from the reading room of his headquarters at Stockton House, he came up with the idea of carving out a Rising Sun badge in the chalk hillside opposite, known as Lamb Down. The initial work on the badge was started by the 13th Training Battalion, Australian Imperial Force AIF. The badge was then embedded with green, brown and clear beer bottles to make it shine bronze like the badge worn on the Australian uniform. Maintaining the badge became the focus of punishment parades and as a result the spur on which it was carved was affectionately known as "Misery Hill" by Australian troops. The badge remained untouched until WW2 when it was covered over to prevent aircraft using it as a navigation aid. After the war it was uncovered, however, most of the glass had either washed away or sunk into the chalk below. The outline of the badge remains to this day.

Proudly worn in two World Wars, the Rising Sun, officially known as the General Service Badge of the Australian Imperial Forces, became one of the best recognised and honoured insignia of the allied armies and an integral part of the Digger tradition. Its distinctive shape, worn on the upturned brim of a slouch hat is readily identified with the spirit of ANZAC."    From Anzacs in Codford - Information board

Anzacs (Map of Australia) 1928 Restoration of the Rising Sun Chalk Emblem on Lamb Down 2010 Chalk Badge Shines Bright Again 2013
Chalk Badge Gets a Clean Up 2014    

 

War Art & Poetry

War Art Gallery

War Art is produced to illustrate and record many aspects of war, whether allied or enemy, service or civilian, military or political, social or cultural. The work of the artist is to embrace the causes, course and consequences of conflict and has an essentially educational purpose. War Art records military activities in ways that cameras and the written word cannot. 

War Art                 Army Poetry & Songs

 

Parish Registers Held at WSHC

See parish tab for resources held at the Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre

Acknowledgements

A Special Thank You to Romy Wyeth from Codford for her Knowledge, Assistance & Photographic Submissions
Grateful thanks to Cathy Sedgwick for her submissions and research whilst OPC for this parish
With thanks to Mark How for photos of the Rising Sun Badge

Codford St. Mary

Codford St. Mary

Codford St. Mary Village Gallery

Parish Church of St. Mary

St. Mary Gallery                 St. Mary Interior Gallery                St. Mary Churchyard Gallery                  Codford St. Mary New Churchyard Gallery                St. Mary New Churchyard

St. Mary's Church Gallery Temporary                      Interior Photo Gallery Temporary                  Churchyard Gallery Temporary                 Churchyard Survey                 

Rectors List 1297-2004 Incumbents List 1550-1816                                             
News Articles 1843-1844                                                                         
Consecration of Codford St. Mary 1844                              Memorials of the Parish 1844
Rev. H. F. Crockett 1861
Rectory Appointments 1861-1868 Charles Hinton 1890
 

Church Memorials

1785 & 1844 - John & Elizabeth Ingram 1785 & 1844 Joshua Winter 1816 Jacobus Ingram 1844
Ann Webster - Chair 1844 Ann & Rev. George Mountjoy Webster 1844 & 1861
Henry Lush 1848
Johannes Gulielmus Hammond 1868 Charles Notley 1904 Emma J. Russell & Elizabeth B. Ward 1910                                       
Edward H. Aston 1923 James Charles Fleming - Lamp 1933
Canon Cyril Henry Meyrick 1951

Anzac & Codford St. Mary New Cemetery

Cemetery Gallery              Cemetery Survey 

Parish Register Transcripts

Marriages

1625-1837

Parish Registers Held at WSHC

Baptisms 1654-1997
Marriages 1654-2003
Burials 1654-1934
Records available from Other Sources

 

Buildings and Land

Domesday Book                Dangerous Bridge 1861                Wiltshire Cottage Improvement Society - Repair of 3 Cottages 1951

Listed Buildings

Grade I - Buildings of outstanding architectural or historic interest.

There are no buildings in this part of the village within this category

Grade II* - Buildings are particularly important and of more than special interest.

Church of St. Mary Church

Grade II - Buildings are nationally important and of special interest.
Cottage East Codford Farmhouse Lodge
Middle Farmhouse              Milepost About 1 Mile South East of Codford St. Mary Old Rectory                                                               
St. Mary's Cottage
 

 

Property for Auction, Let or Sale

Stockton House Furniture for Sale 1906 & 1920                 Boyton Manor for Rent 1913

 

Crime and Legal Matters

Biggs v. White & Another 1823 Sarah Wheeler - Arson 1831 Committed to Old Bridewell, Devizes 1835                         
Michael Brick - Driving Fine 1907 Boyton Manor Theft 1950  

 

Emigration and Migration

Strays Index

 

Employment

Wiltshire Society Apprentice - George Herbert Humphries 1883                    Wiltshire Society Apprentice Stanley Richard Simper 1910

 

Non Conformity and Other Places of Worship

Chapel of the Holy Cross

In 1317, Sir Oliver de Ingham, the lord of the manor, was granted permission by Edward II to provide two acres of land in Crouchland to Henry de Marey Marsh. Henry was a chaplain and hermit who then built a chapel & hermitage. The boundary of the hermitage adjoined the churchyard and was supposedly marked by two yew trees. Two wooden candlesticks in St. Mary's Church are made of wood from one of these ancient yews.

Congregational Church

The Independent meeting was founded by Thomas Haytor, with services held in the open air, in cottages and in the barn of Mr Rebbeck. A malt house was fitted up for worship in 1798. A chapel, with schoolroom and adjoining manse was opened on 2nd November, 1811 with Samuel Devenish as the dissenting minister. This became a Congregational Church in 1813.     Further information.

 

People and Parish Notables

Associations, Clubs, Organisations and Societies

Wiltshire Friendly Society Membership 1827-1871

Census Returns Transcripts

1841          1851           1861          1871          1881          1891          1901

Inquest Reports

Inquest Report on an Unknown Man 1832                 Inquest Report on Elizabeth Alford 1845                 Inquest Report on Samuel Ford 1905 

Elections and Polls

Poll of Freeholders 1772                Poll Book 1865

Uncategorised Items

Jew Bill Thrown Out In House of Lords 1853

 

Poor Law, Charity and the Workhouse

Reward for Thomas Sparey & James Topp Leaving Families Chargeable to Parish 1837

 

Probate

Inquisitions Post Mortem

Edward Mompesson 1632                John Toppe 1633                  John Topp 1640

 

War, Conflict & Military Matters 

War Memorials & Military Gallery

Military Burial of Neal McCourt 1876                  Albert Ben Sheppard 1944                 Thomas Robert Stacey 1945                  Brig. General Russell Maynard M.B.E. 1988

Anzac Day Services

Anzac Day is one of Australia’s important national commemorative occasions. It marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces ANZAC – Australian & New Zealand Army Corps during the First World War.          On 25th April, 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers – ANZACS, formed part of the allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula, in order to open the Dardanelles to the allied Navies. At the end of 1915, the allied forces were evacuated. Both sides suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over 8,000 Australian soldiers were killed. News of the landing on Gallipoli and the events that followed had a profound impact on Australians & New Zealanders at home. The 25th of April soon became the day on which Australians remember the sacrifice of those who had died in the war.          Anzac Day today is a national day of remembrance which commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders “who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served”.               Anzac Day Gallery

In Memory of Anzac Soldiers 2001
Tributes to Anzac Soldiers 2004
Anzac Day Salute to Fallen Heroes 2013
Anzac Day Service 2014 Diplomat Visits Codford 2014 Anzac Day Commemoration 2015
Anzac Day Service 2015 Remembering the Great War Anzacs 2015 New Zealand Soldier Remembered 2015                                   
     

General Information Relating to Australian Servicemen in WWI 

Abbreviations used in Australian Service Records Disposal Order of Medals of Deceased Australian Soldiers
Headstone Costs of Australian Imperial Forces Imperial War Graves Commission Pamphlet on Cemetery & Memorial Registers
 
Influenza Epidemic Medical Classifications for Wounded & Sick Australian Soldiers  
No Photographs of Permanent A.I.F. Headstones Private Headstones not Allowed for Australian Imperial Forces

Boer War 

Casualty - Edwin George Ovens 1871-1900

Word War I

Hints About Food In War Time 1914                  Diocese of Salisbury Memorial Book 1914-1918                    St. Mary Roll of Honour 1914-1918               

Casualties of WWI
Harold Roy Bowden 1918 William Cooper 1914 Reginald Davis 1917
William Arthur John Davis 1918 Walter Feltham 1917
George Fenn 1915
George Elliot Grant 1918 Albert Frank Johnson 1918 Charles Edward Jones 1916                                                       
Ernest Marsh 1916 Kei Marsh 1916 James McEwan 1915
Henry George Penny 1915
Arthur Charles Pond 1918
Ernest George Poolman 1916
Herbert Poolman 1918 Archie Arthur Portingale 1917 Walter George Portingale 1918
George Pretty 1916 William Pretty 1915 Sidney Randall 1915
Albert Edgar Read 1918 Alexander Coverdale Short 1915 Arthur Francis Simper 1916
Willie Smith 1916
Albert Frederick Ward 1915
Cecil Whitehead 1916

 

Codford ANZAC Military Cemetery

A Military Cemetery was established by deed of gift as the "Military Burial Ground", with a small part reserved for future burials from the parish and is located near St. Mary's church.

The "ANZAC" Military Cemetery, established by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, contains the graves of 31 Australian soldiers from WWI, 66 New Zealand soldiers from WWI and 1 Welsh Guards soldier from WWII. It is the second largest ANZAC cemetery located in England, the largest New Zealand war grave cemetery in the U.K.  

ANZAC Headstones Gallery - A.I..F Soldiers Memorial Stones Index (AIF) Detailed Summary Table (AIF)
ANZAC Headstones Gallery - N.Z. Soldiers Memorial Stones Index (NZ) Detailed Summary Table (NZ)
ANZAC Headstone Gallery - Other Soldiers Memorial Stones Index (Others) Detailed Summary Table (Others)                                                                    
Map Of ANZAC Cemetery
Attempts to Build Next to Anzac Cemetery 2004   

 

Australian Burials in the Anzac Cemetery
Albert James Button 1916
Thomas Ernest Osborne 1916  Richard Charles Gladstone Ryan 1916                                      
Michael Smith 1916
Edwin Beattie 1917 Thomas George Bickley 1917
Harold Vincent Brooks 1917 William Rea Cathcart 1917 Percy Francis Connelly 1917                                          
Arthur John Couchman 1917 John Richard Flanagan 1917 Harry David Fletcher 1917 
Thomas Michael Gorman 1917
Albert Arthur Harris 1917 Harry Holder 1917
Lawrence Kinane 1917
John Macintosh Adamson Lessells alias Morton 1917 James Charles Patrick McGrath 1917
David Edward McGregor 1917
Gabriel McIlroy 1917
Alfred Henry Parkinson 1917
Frank Nicholas Patience 1917 James Thomas Williams 1917 Oscar Cameron 1918
Frank James Cattermole 1918 Thomas William Chilton 1918 Sydney James Clarke 1918
Clarence Albert Jennings 1918
Henry Thomas Stratford 1918 Charles Ziesler 1918 
Alexander Pollock 1919  

                                                                                                                

Mick Smith - A Son of the Bush

Extract from an article written for The Forbes Advocate, NSW, Australia on 23rd February, 1917 by Sergeant-Major G. W. Brownhill:

Mick Smith no doubt in his thoughts before leaving the sunny shores of Australia pictured many possibilities of his career as a soldier, but it is almost safe to say that there never crept into his mind, even a suggestion of the grand military funeral that one day in December would make its solemn way through the little English village of Codford, with the body of Mick Smith on the gun carriage, covered over with the Union Jack. ........ And old Mick Smith is in a lonely, and soon to be untended grave, 13,000 or 14,000 miles from his Australian home. 

Thankfully the people of Codford have made sure that these Soldiers are remembered!  See Australian Buried in the Anzac Cemetery for more information on Michael Smith

British Burials in the Anzac Cemetery

Alfred James Darch 1916           Christopher Thomas Brown 1942

New Zealand Burials in the Anzac Cemetery
William Michael Aiken 1919 William Allen Francis Lignori Alley
Edward James Boland Walter Edward Bourke Frederick Henry Browning
Vincent John Byrne
John Charleston
John Delaney
Ronald Dumbleton 1917 William Patrick Dunne 1918
Charles Edward Stuart Elton
Edward Foster
David Freitas
William Garlick
William Gilmour
Alfred George Glastonbury
Alexander John Griffin
William George Guthrie
Hona Hape
Charles John Harvey
Charles William Hayes
Daniel Hayes
Francis Arthur Holland
Arthur Holmes
Job Jefferies
Benjamin Stevens Jordan
Bertie Ernest Kearse Thomas Walker Kearse
John Bodley Kelland
Frederick Charles Keys
Walter Edward King
Joseph Magee Archibald James Maley
Gordon McDonald James William McDonnell
Claude McEnteer
James Malcolm McFarlane James McLeod William McMullan
Oswald Alan Mincher Francis Robert Moody John Moore
Frank Kemp Morris Archibald John Nicolson Graham Wakefield O'Connor                         
Patrick Thomas O'Neill Thomas Patrick Perwick Zell Eric Ivon Pilkington
William Protheroe
Charles Salisbury
John George Saville
Michael Sexton Alexander Davidson Shaw
Bertram Onslow Stevenson
Thomas Telford Samuel Thomas Charles Tombs
Harry Edward Tucker John Wade William Richard Wakelin
Walter Robert Watson William James Westerby Alexander George Whitelaw
Bertram Winterburn William Michael Aiken

 

WWI Casualties with Parish Connections

Gilbert Shoemark 1915

Codford St. Peter

Codford St. Peter

Codford St. Peter Village Gallery

The Parish Church of St. Peter

St. Peter Church Gallery              St. Peter Interior Gallery               Churchyard Gallery                  Churchyard Survey

Incumbents List 1545-1814 Stolen Articles Held by Churchwardens 1807
Rectory Appointments 1839-1928
Grant Approved for Building New North Aisle 1863 Re-opening of Church 1864
Concert in Aid of Choir Funds 1866                                     
Festival of Choirs at Heytesbury 1868 Saxon Cross 1937

Church Memorials

Thomas Polden 1753 Wrench Thring 1781
Mary & Ann Thring 1784 & 1790                             
Maria Emilia Awdry 1814 Ann Thring 1824
Rev. John Dampier 1839
Dionysia & James Raxworthy 1841 & 1855 Elizabeth Smith 1844
James Slade 1846
Betty Head 1860 James Henry Raxworthy Window 1862
Sophia Harriet Ravenhill 1863
Sophia H. Ravenhill Window 1864 John & Mary Brind Window 1881 Rev. Henry Wightwick 1884
Isaac Flower 1889 Sarah Wightwick & Sons Window 1907
Thomas King Harding 1916
Macleane & Wightwicks 1923, 1926 & 1931 Douglas Macleane Pulpit Plaque 1925
Rev. Edward Denny 1928
Stuart Carey Houston 1947 John Sainsbury Torrie 2006

Parish Register Transcripts

Marriages

1557-1837

Parish Registers Held at WSHC

Baptisms 1597-1900
Marriages 1619-1991
Burials 1597-1978
Records available from Other Sources

 

Buildings and Land

Domesday Book              Owners of Land 1873

Listed Buildings

Grade I - Buildings of outstanding architectural or historic interest.

There are no buildings in this part of the village listed within this category

Grade II* - Buildings are particularly important and of more than special interest.

Church of St. Peter

Grade II - Buildings are nationally important and of special interest.
41 and 42 Beanis Path Boundary Post Opposite the Happy Eater Cafe Farm Buildings in Yard on North Side of Manor Farm                                                      
French Horn 52, 53 and 54 High Street 68 High Street
69 High Street 76 High Street
103 High Street
Manor Farmhouse Manor House
Manor House Cottage
Milepost at South Entrance to Hillside Cafe
Milepost opposite the Old Manse
Old Manor House
Old Manse
Old Rectory
Overton House with Front Walls and Railings
Ox Barn
Poplars with Front Gates and Railings
Stable Cottage
Steps, Revetment Walls & Gate Piers to Church
Wool House
Wool Store

 

Property for Auction, Let or Sale 

Wool House 2014                 Wool Store Apartments 2014                69 High Street 2015                 Stable Cottage 2015

Public Houses

Public Houses Gallery

George Hotel

George Hotel for Sale 2014

 

Crime and Legal Matters

Daring Robbery 1803 Shot Fired through Window 1836 William Richardson - Stolen Sugar Nippers 1851                                                                            
Three on Assault & Other Charges 1854 Wiltshire Gentleman and the Sheriff's Officers 1865                  Breach of Cattle Plague Orders 1866-1867                                                           
Thomas Bennett - Stolen Slabs of Wood 1868       
Selling Cider Without a License

 

Transportation

Stephen Toogood - 7 years for Sheep Stealing - 1830                  Thomas Whale - Life for Burglary - 1841

 

Education

Parish School of Codford St. Peter 1697-1702               

  

Emigration and Migration

Emigration to Australia

Bennett Family Emigration to South Australia 1854       

Emigration to the United States of America     

Frederick Carpenter - Emigration to the U.S.A. 1923

General Items

Strays Index                   Emigration Home Contact Requested 1800 - Present       

        

Employment

Apprentices

Wiltshire Society Apprentices

Alexander Hill 1844                  Edwin Smith 1866                 Wiltshire Society Apprentices Notice 1866

Community Services

Metropolitan Police Pensions Record - Thomas Alford 1866-1892

Employment News

1800-1899

Medical Matters

General Medical Council Registrations 1859-1959

 

People and Parish Notables

Accidents

Thomas Sturgiss Drowned 1860

Loss and Misfortune Thomas King 1862

Associations, Clubs, Organisations, Societies & Sporting Events

Union Friendly Society Annual Meeting 1823              Wiltshire Friendly Society Membership 1827-1871

Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy Report of James Raxworthy 1865 

Census Returns Transcripts

1841           1851          1861        1871           1881          1891          1901

Coroners Bill

Coroners Bills 1752-1796

Elections and Polls

Poll of Freeholders 1772                 Poll Book 1865

Funeral Reports

Funeral Report of Isaac Flower 1889   

Inquest Reports

Infant Child 1799 Infant Child 1811 William Sparey 1835
Henry Colston Watkins 1843 Sarah Trowbridge 1843 Betsey Oliver 1848
George Dallimore 1853
James Jukes 1861
Sarah Jane Mabott 1861                                                       
John Everley 1864
Henry Charles Sparey 1870
Susanna James 1871

 

Poor Law, Charity and the Workhouse

Reward for John Penny Who Left his Family Chargeable to the Parish 1834 Fete for Poor of Codford St. Peter & Ashton Giffard 1837                                                                             
Donation to Salisbury Infirmary to J. A. Ingram 1849  Disease & Suffering Unrelieved, The Bath Board of Guardians 1857   

                                   

Probate

Inquisition Post Mortem of Thomas Lambert 1639

 

War, Conflict and Military Matters

War Memorials & Military Gallery

Diocese of Salisbury Memorial Book 1914-1918 St. Peter Memorial Window 1914-1918 St. Peter Roll of Honour 1914-1918                                                    
St. Peter Roll of Honour 1939-1945 WWII Pillbox 2014  

                                                                      

Casualties of WWI

Barry Maynard Rynd Denny 1914
George Sparey 1914
Edward Thomas 1914
George Smith 1915
Frederick Edward Tullett 1915
Henry Cull 1916
Alfred Henry Ford 1916
Charles Singleton 1916
Frederick Sparey 1916
Frederick Whatley 1916
Percy Brown 1918 Henry Charles White 1918                                  

 

Casualties of WWII

Charles Homer Bosworth 1939 Percival Frank Conduit 1943 Albert Ben Sheppard 1944
Guy Napier Westley 1944 Anthony Strangman Hancock 1945 Alan Roney-Dougal 1945                                      
Thomas Robert Stacey 1945

 

 

Ashton Gifford

Ashton Gifford

Ashton Gifford is a hamlet, part of the civil parish of Codford, in the county of Wiltshire.  For parochial purposes the hamlet comes under the jurisdiction of Codford St. Peter.   For Baptisms, Marriages and Burials please consult Codford St. Peter Section.

Ashton Gifford Gallery

Buildings and Land

Domesday Book                 Ashton Gifford Inclosure Notice 1814

Listed Buildings in Ashton Gifford

Grade I - Buildings of outstanding architectural or historic interest.

There are no buildings listed for this category in Ashton Gifford

Grade II* - Buildings are particularly important and of more than special interest.

There are no buildings listed for this category in Ashton Gifford

Grade II - Buildings are nationally important and of special interest.

Ashton Cottage                Ashton Gifford House                 Boundary Post opposite entrance to Ashton Gifford House

Property For Auction, Let or Sale 

Sheep and Dairy Farm To Let By Tender 1824

Crime and Legal Matters

Licensing Session Opposed 1890

Education

Greenways School

Greenways School               Advertisement for Greenways School 1947                   Fire at Greenways School 1948                 Advertisement for Greenways School 1964                       

Employment and Business

Game Licenses 1824-1839                 Select Commissioners for Land & Assessed Taxes 1842                  South Wilts Chamber of Agriculture 1890

Miscellaneous Documents

People and Parish Notables

Falstone Day Book 1645-1653 High Sheriffs for Wiltshire 1758-1856 Poll of Freeholders 1772
Family Notices 1800-1899 Warminster & South Wilts Farmers' Club 1840 Sheriff Nominations & Appointments 1845
Hunting Appointments 1849-1936    Presentation to John Ravenhill 1870 South & West Wilts Hounds 1889                         
Wiltshire Agricultural Association 1888-1890
                                           

 

Rowland Allanson-Winn, 5th Baron Headley 1855-1935 - also known as Shaikh Rahmatullah al-Farooq. Owned and lived at Ashton Gifford House from 1929 until his death 

Census Returns Transcripts      

1841       1851       1861      1871       1881        1891

Coroners Bills

County coroners were introduced in England in around 1194 once established other boroughs and liberties sought the right to have their own coroner. Often in Medieval times the coroner also assumed the role of the sheriff and his duties weren't limited to holding inquests on dead bodies although almost a full time post they were unpaid for the duties apart from those that were deemed murder of manslaughter when they would receive 13s. 4d. From the 24th June 1752 a law was passed allowing the coroner to claim £1 for every inquest they attended not held in a gaol and also to claim 9d per mile travel allowance from the place of residence. Inquests held in any gaol were performed at a rate totalling no more than £1. These costs were to be paid from the county rates. In cases of homicide the coroner also received the former fee of 13s. 4d. The coroners submitted their bills at the quarter session sittings for approval.         Coroners Bills 1752-1796

Inquest Reports

Sophia Harriett Ravenhill 1863                  Lily Farley 1905

 

Probate

Probate Notice of John Ravenhill 1878

 

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